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What Kind of Motor is a Wiper Motor

Published by: Jack
Date of Publish:

What exactly are wiper motors used for? The wiper motor, also referred to as a windshield or windscreen wiper motor, is essential for maintaining the cleanliness of your car's windshield. The automobile wiper motor will be clarified in this chapter so that you may comprehend it more fully.

Accident risk is high when the driver's field of vision is compromised. As a result, wipers are a crucial vehicle improvement in yours vehicle.

What is Wiper Motor?

Typically, wiper motor is a short DC wiper motor with copper wire armature and brushes. Other names for the motor are windscreen wiper motor and windshield wiper motor.

The wiper system includes the motors for the car wipers. They are typically considered one of the automotive safety features because they aid in clearing the windshield. The wiper linkage, wiper washer pump, and wiper switch are other components of the wiper system.

What is the Function of Car Wiper Motor?

The wiper motor is a crucial component of the window system. Even though it may appear insignificant, a broken wiper motor can be highly problematic when driving in adverse conditions like snow, rain, a dusty environment, and others.

Components of Wiper Motor

A windshield wiper is a simple component. However, it depends on several interconnected parts:

  1. Wiper motor
  2. Wiper blade
  3. Washer pump
  4. Wiper arm

Let's go into greater detail about each given element.

1. Wiper Motor

The windshield wiper motor is often located on the firewall in the engine compartment of cars. The motor is a little tube-shaped device that is attached to the wiper arm. Most automobiles have two windshield wipers, and a linkage is used to join the wiper arms together. The following things happen when you activate the wipers:

The switch communicates with the wiper motor through the fuse and sporadically a relay. The switch sets the speed at which the motor turns on. The motor is attached to the arm of the windshield wiper. The wiper arm begins oscillating when the engine is turned on. It pushes the blade over the windshield while it does this.

2. Wiper Arm

The head of the wiper arm is typically used to fasten it to the wiper shaft. The blade will be held securely by the springs. At the same time, the arm piece will help attach the blade and retainer to store it securely throughout the installation process.

3. Wiper Blade

The rubber wiper blade, typically made of, is beneficial for wiping the surface of the automobile glass. To secure the edge to the wiper arm, a combination of leaf spring packing, levers, and clips is used.

4. Washer pump

A windscreen washer pump is a little pump that transfers the liquid to the washer nozzles from the windscreen wash reservoir. A motor drives the pump, which creates the necessary pressure to push the fluid through the washer feed tubes and out of the washer nozzles on the windshield, headlights, or rear window.

Kinds of Wiper Motors

The wiper motor comes in different variety of styles. You should be aware of their varieties, particularly if you want to purchase a replacement of wiper motor for your car.

Below is a list of the various types of windshield wiper motors.

Based on Voltage Rating

· 6V Motor

These are typically found or used in older automobiles. The motors must draw a lot of electricity to provide enough torque to drive the wipers because of the low voltage.

· 12V Wiper Motor

The most used voltage for wiper motors is 12V. There are wiper motors that run off a 12V power supply in addition to the 24V model in your car.

On the Base of Location

· Front Wiper Motor

The most prevalent windshield wiper motor is the front wiper motor. It is often mounted in the engine compartment beneath the wiper cowl. The front motor drives the front wipers. It is most common wiper motor in use now.

· Rear Windshield Wiper Motor 

The rear wiper motor, which drives the rear wipers, is often positioned in the back window. Only cars with a rear wiper installed, including hatchbacks and station wagons, can utilize it.

On the Base of the Magnet

Permanent magnets are used in the windshield wiper motor of modern vehicles. Engines made on permanent magnets are efficient and silent. They are also affordable and trustworthy. The most common way to identify permanent windshield wiper motors is by their distinctive cylinder shape.

· Paramagnet Wiper Motor

If your vehicle was manufactured before the 1970s, the wiper motor probably uses field coils rather than permanent magnets. Due to the limitations of the available permanent magnets, these wiper motors became widely used.

· Electromagnet Wiper Motor

Since magnet manufacturing technology has progressed, electromagnets are no longer the best choice for the windshield motor. The field coil wiper motor usually has a rectangular casing, unlike the permanent magnet type.

How to Test Wiper Motor Circuit?

For instance, the wiper motor on the car in the picture is broken. The wiper relay clicks when the wiper switch is activated. This indicates that the control is operational, and the BCM is driving the relay.

For this vehicle, the diagnostic process advises examining the ground and ignition voltage at the wiper motor connector. We use a multi meter to check the voltage. As shown in the photo, it is 12V. There doesn't appear to be any corrosion on the connector. The wiper motor needs to be replaced if it receives 12 Volts but does not function.

How to make the Wiper Motor Faster?

 If you wish to increase speed, torque, or decrease load, you have greater torque and more speed. If you set a current limit, you're instructing the power source to reduce the voltage if the current goes over the limit.

Problems in Wiper Motors

Wiper motors can develop defects for several reasons. The motor as a whole will often malfunction when the moving parts deteriorate. A wiper motor can acquire electrical and mechanical flaws, which will cause it to malfunction and cause the windshield wipers to stop working. Included among common windshield wiper motor issues are the following.

Parts that are dirty or clogged—Over time, dirt builds up inside the wiper motor and its transmission assembly to the point where it causes issues. It frequently causes the wipers to slow down and wipe the windshield ineffectively.

· Broken Parts

Some parts, like gears, may damage and stop transmitting power to the wiper linkage. The issue could be confused for faulty wiper linkage components if a correct diagnosis is not conducted.

One of the most frequent causes of damaged wiper motor symptoms is a blown fuse or burned-out component. The motor entirely stops functioning as a result. Fortunately, the fuse can be changed. Additionally, the motor's armature coil and other parts could have burned out.

Relay that has been damaged or loose electrical parts, such as connectors and relays. The wiper system as a whole can malfunction due to wiper motor issues. Likewise, loose or damaged connectors are a problem since they affect electricity.

· Rusted or Damaged Wiper Motor Gear

The gearbox and wiper motor gears are susceptible to wear and tear. When the bags fail, the system stops working since they transmit the motor's spin to the wiper linkages and arms. The gears can be changed.

· Defective Wiper Motor Module

The module, also known as the wiper motor controller, houses the circuit that manages the operation of the motor. If the engine is broken, it can begin to operate oddly, resulting in the wiper system failing. Electrical tests can help identify a malfunctioning module.

Can Wiper Motors be repaired?

Depending on the type of damage, they are. The armature may be wrapped again, or worn brushes can be replaced. The motor's transmission system gears are among the other replaceable components. Without even having to replace it, cleaning a blocked wiper motor or its transmission component restores its functionality. Wiper motor repairs are not commonly performed. Instead, the entire system is replaced.

Maintenance Tips

Here are some tips and tricks to maintain your car wiper motor. You can follow to maintain your car wiper for a long time.

  • If the wipers are frozen if the windshield is dry, snow-covered, or frozen with ice, don't use them. It stresses the motor, leading to burnout or a blown a fuse.
  • Never turn off the engine before the wipers have stopped.
  • Before using the motor to move wipers on a car sitting idle for a while, try manually unsticking them first.
  • If the grease in the wiper motor assembly has dried up, add fresh oil to avoid harming the motor's moving parts.


When you're driving, the windshield wiper motor makes sure your visibility is clear. It gives the system's arms and blades the mechanical power to move as a whole. Even though they are made to last a lifetime, wiper motors can faulty. You want to be able to find a replacement if that occurs. Additionally, you need to be aware of when your wiper motor fails so you can act quickly. This article's content is intended to assist you in all of those areas and more.

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